Arkansas Criminal Records
What is a Criminal Record?
Arkansas criminal records are official documents that detail the criminal history information of persons within the state. The information contained in an Arkansas state criminal record is assembled from local, county and state law enforcement agencies, trial and appeal courts as well as county and state correctional facilities. It includes details of all arrests, indictments, judgments, and pending dispositions.
What is in a Criminal Record?
Criminal records in the state of Arkansas generally feature the following:
- The full name of the subject of the record (including any aliases)
- A mugshot of the subject and details of unique physical descriptors
- The birth date of the offender
- A full set of fingerprints
- All indictments (both past and most recent)
- Arrest information as well as past/outstanding warrants
- Dispositions and conviction information
What are Arrest Records?
Arkansas arrest records are the official documentation of an individual’s apprehension and detention following their alleged involvement in criminal activity. While these records do not conclusively indicate that the subject is guilty of the alleged crime, they indicate that the subject was deemed a person of interest or suspect in the course of the investigation. Arrest records are typically generated and disseminated by the arresting agency, and in the state of Arkansas are considered public records.
Arkansas arrest records contain the following:
- Details of the alleged crime
- The personal data of the arrestee: i.e their full name, birth date, fingerprint, ethnicity/nationality, etc.
- The date, place and time of the arrest
- The address of the holding facility
- The name of the arresting officer as well as the issuer of the warrant.
What is an Arrest Warrant?
Arkansas arrest warrants are official documents that afford law enforcement agencies the legal authority to take suspected criminals into custody. In the state of Arkansas, these are primarily issued by the judge or magistrate of the concerned jurisdiction. Warrants also provide authorization to seize the property of the person(s) named on the document and/or conduct a search on their private property. These documents are usually only valid within a specified period, except for bench warrants which do not expire and remain unaffected by a statute of limitations. Arrest warrants issued in the state of Arkansas feature the following details:
- The alleged criminal offense of the subject
- The name of the issuer and the date the warrant was issued
- The expiration date of the warrant (if applicable)
- The place and time when the arrest may ensue
- The bail/bond conditions to be met (if applicable)
As per Arkansas state law, law enforcement officers both within and outside their jurisdiction may arrest without warrants if the officer is witness to the crime, or is convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that the arrestee has committed a felony.
What are Misdemeanors?
Arkansas state misdemeanors are non-indictable offenses that are punishable by incarceration for up to one year in jail. They are generally less severe than felonies and are categorized by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. Arkansas state misdemeanors may be either designated as a Class A, Class B, or Class C misdemeanor while some misdemeanors remain unclassified. The class of the offense will determine the punishment in length of jail time and/or fines/community service. The following are examples of misdemeanors;
- Class A: theft of property worth no more than $1000
- Class B: Online bullying
- Class C: Public intoxication
What are Felonies?
Felony offenses in the state of Arkansas constitute the most serious crime categories and are generally punishable by state prison terms. They attract various sentences the least of which is at least one year, which may be served in a county jail or state prison. Felonies may also lead to death or life imprisonment.
Arkansas’s lawmakers designate felonies as Class Y, A, B, C, or D. Some felonies are unclassified and, for these crimes, the sentences are set forth in the criminal statute. Class Y felonies are the state's most serious crimes in Arkansas which are not punishable by death. A conviction following a Class Y felony offense can result in a prison term of 10 to 40 years or life. Below are the designation of felonies and their examples:
- Class Y: Statutory rape
- Class A: Possession of at least 10 grams of cocaine
- Class B: First-degree domestic battery/assault
- Class C: Theft of property worth at least $5000
Arkansas Sex Offender Listings
Arkansas sex offender listings refer to is a registry of persons convicted of committing sex or sexually-motivated crimes. In compliance with U.S law, all persons found guilty of these or related offenses must be registered, and information regarding their location and compliance status published. Thus, sex offender listings seek to publish useful information regarding offenders in different jurisdictions.
With most county and city law enforcement agencies compiling and publishing information regarding their own jurisdictions, the Arkansas Crime Information Center (ACIC) maintains the state's central Sex Offender Registry which pools all the information together. Primarily, judges determine whether certain crimes require registration based on the national sex offender registration law. If convinced that a crime was sexually motivated a judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender.
Arkansas Megan’s Law
Megan's Law refers to the federally established law which requires all U.S. states including Arkansas to maintain a sex offender registry, in order to provide information regarding the offenders in the jurisdiction to members of the public. Following its adoption, the Arkansas state government, as well as county and city governments, developed sex offender listings with which sex offenders in the state can be viewed. All sex offender information is centralized on the Arkansas Sex Offender Registry which features details such as the names, locations and compliance status of offenders. Also included on the registry is the criminal history of the offender, by which the offender is designated a ‘level’ which is assigned based on the offender's likelihood to reoffend. The registry also includes persons on probation or parole or anyone else serving any other form of community supervision including juveniles (if applicable)
What are Serious Traffic Violations?
Arkansas serious traffic violations refer to traffic-related offenses which typically involve the willful disregard for public safety and often result in damage to property, serious bodily injury, and death. As per Arkansas state laws, traffic violations are evaluated using a point system. Each violation (depending on the severity) often results in the driver getting points on their license. Accumulated points often result in temporal license suspension and the payment of fines and fees. However, most serious traffic violations have penalties that include jail time.
The Arkansas Office of Driver Services is tasked with overseeing the process of tracking the violation point system and communicating warnings and proposed actions to drivers. Drivers who accumulate between 14 to 17 points risk a 3-month license suspension while 18 to 23 points may result in a 6-month license suspension and 24 or more points may lead to a possible 1-year license suspension.
What is a Conviction Record?
Arkansas conviction records are official documents pertaining to the criminal history of an individual which features the sentence(s) served as a result. These records typically indicate that the subject was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest following a criminal court proceeding for criminal charges in a civilian or military court. Conviction records typically detail the criminal charges along with the personal information of the convicted and details of the jail term(s), fines, community service or related court orders.
In addition to featuring adult conviction details, conviction records often also indicate when the subject has been judged delinquent in the past or assigned probation, dishonorably discharged or paroled. These, as well as other related information, will remain indicated on a conviction record unless the final judgment that was deleted by a pardon, reversed or expunged.
What are Inmate Records?
Arkansas inmate records are official documents pertaining to persons who are incarcerated in local or state-run correctional institutions. These records often detail the inmate-specific data such as the full name and alias, their birth date, nationality/ethnicity, gender, and other biological information as well as crime-related data such as their criminal indictments and sentences.
It is the responsibility of the Arkansas Department of Corrections to maintain inmate databases. These indexed are searchable online and can provide both general and inmate-specific information such as a detainee's incarceration date and expected release date. Any information unavailable on the online database may be obtained by querying the facility where the inmate is being housed. Generally, most inmate-related information can be accessed by the public.
How to Find Arkansas Parole Information
Arkansas parole records are generally maintained and disseminated by the Arkansas Parole Board which is tasked with granting early release to prisoners who have met specific conditions and proved themselves fit for re-integration prior to completion of their maximum sentence. Following their parole, the inmate is supervised over a specified period of time, and the parole board is tasked with imposing relevant conditions of parole, it deems appropriate in order to ensure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Arkansas are served. This may include fines, community service, and random drug tests.
Information regarding Arkansas paroles may be found using the Parole Hearing Decision Search Tool of the APB. The tool allows for public convenient access to parole decisions and can be used by conducting searches using the first or last name, gender and ADC number of the inmate. Other information unavailable on the portal may be obtained by contacting the Parole Board's office.
What are Probation Records?
Probation records refer to documents detailing the conditions for which an inmate may serve their sentence under supervision but outside a traditional correctional institution. These records typically indicate that the inmate, in exchange for incarceration will commit to living by some specified conditions over a period of time.
Like parolees, persons on probation are strictly monitored to ensure their compliance with their specific probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer. Probation sentences are typically issued in proportion to the crime. Thus, the span of probation, as well as the required conditions, may differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probationary periods may be minimally supervised or intensive depending on the crime of the convicted person(s) and legal recommendations of the judiciary.
What are Arkansas Juvenile Criminal Records?
Arkansas juvenile criminal records refer to official documentation regarding the criminal activity of persons deemed to be under the legal adult age within the state. Unlike adult criminal records, Arkansas juvenile criminal records have a few confidentiality clauses given the age of the offender. Rather than considered convicts, minors or adolescents who are guilty of a crime are found to be “adjudicated delinquent.”
Within the discretion of Arkansas circuit courts, all records pertaining to Juveniles may be closed and confidential except for adjudications wherein the juvenile was tried as an adult and adjudications for felonies or class A misdemeanors involving violence with a weapon. Juveniles designated as extended juvenile jurisdiction offenders will have their juvenile criminal records expunged after their twenty-first birthday or 10 years after the last adjudication unless an adult criminal sentence was imposed on the offender. Most records feature details of the crime committed as well as the biodata of the delinquent at the time of the offense.
Arkansas History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
Prior to the recent technological developments in record management, all record maintenance processes were primarily undertaken manually. Given the method’s propensity for error, the accuracy of the data of criminal records depends largely on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Other than eliminating human error, the newly adopted methods of record storage allows for easier access to the records as criminal and arrest data have been centralized and compiled into an organized database. That said, varying management processes are adopted by different jurisdictions depending on their unique needs. As a result, the information provided on StateRecords.org may vary between individuals.
How to Find Criminal Records
In the state of Arkansas, criminal records are generated and managed by local jurisdictions which are charged with disseminating them to interested members of the public. The Arkansas State Police Department operates a central repository of criminal records and these records are available to persons through the Online Criminal Background Check System. However, most jurisdictions operate unique record management processes, thus, the information available on these records may vary by jurisdiction. With most criminal record sources utilizing different non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes, the criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org may vary between subjects in various jurisdictions.